Bladder Issues [rate]

A bladder infection commonly known as Urinary tract infection, is a bacterial infection that affects the urinary tract including, the bladder, kidneys and the urethra.

Bladder infection is caused by germs or bacteria that pass through the urethra and reach the bladder.  Usually, the body system gets rid of the germs during urination.  However, at times the bacteria attach to the bladder walls and multiply rapidly. Thus, the body system fails to destroy the bacteria, resulting in a UTI infection.

A bladder infection can affect anyone; however, females are more vulnerable to being infected than men. Females tend to have short urethras; therefore, it’s easy for the bacteria to reach the bladder. Also, females’ urethras are closer to the rectum as compared to males’ urethras.

Below are some bladder infection risk factors:

Sexual activity
The major risk factor for UTI in Young women is recent sexual activity. Almost 80% of all bladder infections in young women occur within one day after intercourse. Urinating after sex can reduce the chances of developing a bladder infection. Note that a UTI is not a sexually transmitted infection.

Pregnancy
During the early stages of pregnancy, UTIs are common due to pressure on the bladder.

Age
At the age of 50, men become prone to UTIs due to prostate problems. Enlargement of the prostate gland causes an obstruction in the urinary tract, thus, increasing the risk for UTIs infection. Menopause in women leads to a reduction in estrogen level. The urinary tract becomes thin, and this negatively affects its ability to fight bacteria. Also, Estrogen loss reduces certain immune properties in the vagina.

Diabetes
Diabetic people have a higher chance of developing UTI due to weakened immune system. The kidney’s filtering system can be damaged by high blood sugar of a diabetic person.

Certain types of contraceptives
Cases of UTIs tend to be high in women who use diaphragms contraceptives. The spring-rim of the diaphragm can bruise the area surrounding the bladder, making it prone to bacteria. Spermicidal-coated condoms are also a bladder infection risk factor.

 

 

References

http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Urinary-tract-infection-adults/Pages/Causes.aspx